El Niño is the warming phase of the waters in the eastern Pacific. Then, La Niña is the cooling phase. Both phases disrupt weather patterns around the globe.
The troposphere is the lowest layer of the atmosphere. It starts at ground level and extends upwards to about 13 km. All weather occurs in the troposphere.
97% of scientists agree humans are causing global climate change. For example, evidence includes rising sea levels, warming oceans and shrinking ice sheets.
Weather patterns have tremendous impacts on people and ecosystems on Earth. Let’s get started with this list of 10 unbelievable climate and weather facts.
Because greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere, this helps regulate temperature on Earth. Without the greenhouse effect, we’d live in an icebox.
Whether it’s agriculture, industry, vehicles, electricity or natural disasters, these are the major air pollution sources that contribute to climate change.
The Koppen climate classification catalogues Earth’s types of environments. In the eyes of Koppen, they are tropical, dry, temperate, continental and polar.
In biology, we categorize life by how similar organisms are with each other. Like a family tree, we find relationships by their classification of life.
We categorize life into 3 domains of life: eukarya, archaea and bacteria. Domains classify life in the most general way such as the presence of a nucleus.
The Cambrian explosion was the largest diversification of life in Earth’s history. Ocean life started as sparse and simple. Then, it remarkably diversified.
The single-most important biochemical reaction human beings need is cellular respiration. Our cells require oxygen to break down the food and provide energy.
All living things rely on each other in the food chain. Energy transfers through living organisms from predators, herbivores, producers and decomposers.
For aspiring geologists, field camp is where you put everything you’ve learned in the classroom together in an intensive field campaign.
From astrophysicists to arborists, this environmental science salary pyramid gives a sneak peak of how much earth scientists earn in their respective field.
Hydrogeologists are groundwater specialists who focus on how soil and rock relate to groundwater. This includes the transportation of water into the surface.
Agronomists focus on crop production and applying new technologies. An agronomist studies plant science to improve efficiency in crop production.
Earth scientists need all the *sciences* to understand how the Earth works. This list of 123 branches of Earth Science is the most in-depth you’ll ever find
What are the branches of biology? Biology studies living things, flora and fauna. We categorize biology into botany, toxicology, ecosystem and chronology.
From large to small, the 7 major tectonic plates include the Pacific, North American, Eurasian, African, Antarctic, Indo-Australian and South American plate.
Ready to learn about volcanoes? From lightning that sparks at a volcano to its deadly hazards, we’re going to dive into 10 little-known facts about volcanoes
“Lahar” is an Indonesian word for mudflow at volcanoes. Lahar flows down volcanoes as a mix of mostly water, mud and rock debris (similar to wet concrete).
All planets have layers. Inside Earth, we have a crust, core and mantle. Imagine a team of drillers who set out to drill a hole to the other side of Earth.
The stratovolcano is tall, steep & cone-shaped. Unlike shield volcanoes, stratovolcanoes build up height by layering lava, ash and tephra on top of another.
The 3 types of faults are: normal, reverse and strike-slip. When two blocks slide horizontally, it’s strike-slip. If it moves vertically, it’s dip-slip.
Their difference is location. Meteoroids are up in the sky. Meteors fall to Earth and flash light breaking down in the atmosphere. Meteorites are on Earth.
Asteroids are odd-shaped rocks made of metal and other elements. There are about 100,000 known asteroids mostly in the asteroid belt between Mars & Jupiter.
How many spheres of Earth exist on Earth? If you count them all, you would get about 17 of them. This is the definitive guide to all 17 spheres of Earth.
Today, you’re going to disover a whole list of Earth like planets. Like Kepler 62, Gliese-581c and Proxima Centauri b. These are Earth’s Doppelgängers.
Earth needs no introduction. From its origin to its inevitable future, the story of Earth is greatest story ever told. Get started with this list of 100 Earth facts.
The color of the moon is mostly grey. And the lunar maria are dark grey. The 4 most dominant rocks are: mare basalts, breccia, anorthosite and regolith.
Tsunamis are long, tall waves that can be disastrous to anything nearby. But what causes tsunamis? 80% start from earthquakes. And how do tsunamis form?
Oceans are salty because runoff transports minerals and salts from the surface. When ocean evaporates from heat, salt remains in the ocean and water rises.
Coral reefs are biodiversity hotspots for ocean life. Remarkably, about 1/4 of marine species reside in them. So the spotlight is on coral reefs for protection.
We’ve mapped 100% of oceans at 5 km resolution using satellite radar. We’ve mapped 20% with bathymetry sonar. But nearly 80% of oceans have gone unexplored.
Water is in the ground, on the surface, in the air and in our bodies. But how much global water distribution is in glaciers, groundwater, rivers and lakes?
The hydrologic cycle describes how water moves continuously in nature. From evaporation, condensation and surface runoff – water is always in motion.