Koppen Climate Classification
The Koppen climate classification is the most widely used system to catalogue our environment.
In the eyes of Koppen, Earth consists of 5 climate types – tropical, dry, temperate, continental and polar.
Dry climates are characterized by having a shortage of water. While polar climates endure frigid temperatures (-10 °C), tropical climates sustain a healthy portion of high temperature (+18 °C).
Temperate climates takes the middle road for average temperature. Finally, continental climates are usually situated in the interior of continents.