By dating meteorites, we find the oldest rocks are 4.5 billion or so years old. Thus, we conclude the same staggering 4,543,000,000 years for Earth’s age.
Not only is planet Mercury the closest to the sun, but it has extreme temperatures. Facts about Mercury: Its long comet-like tail, craters and unusual orbit
The universe is immeasurable in size. Universe expansion is the theory that galaxies and all matter in space are increasing in distance between each other.
Fusion reactions power the sun. By fusing hydrogen to helium, the sun releases vast amounts of energy towards Earth. Then, sun fusion reaction heats Earth.
We use the core accretion model to describe planet formation and the creation of our solar system which includes a central star and natural orbiting objects.
Imagine sticking a pencil into the Earth’s poles and twisting your wrist 23.5°. This is the Earth tilt essential in seasonal patterns, climate and life on Earth.
Earth density steadily increases as you go inwards from the crust to core. If you average density throughout the whole planet, it is about 5.513 g/cm^3.
Planet Venus neighbors the Earth. It’s the second planet closest the sun. Other facts include its counterclockwise rotation and how it rains sulfuric acid.
Seismometers always record periodic noise. Once mysterious in nature, we attribute Earth hum to ocean waves crashing into continents, vibrating like a bell.
Planet Uranus is the coldest and has the 3rd largest radius for any planet in the solar system. It’s tilted at more 90°, it has faint rings and has 27 moons.
Earth is not a perfect sphere. In fact, it’s in the shape of an oblate spheroid. Earth shape bulges at the equator and flattens at the north and south pole.
Earth spins on its axis of rotation. But it doesn’t spin perfectly. Like a toy top, it wobbles when it spins. This displacement is the Chandler Wobble.
The escape velocity of Earth (11.186 km/s) is the speed at which a free object must travel to escape into space from the planet’s gravitational pull.
Because the Earth is tilted on its axis, it’s why we have seasons. When Earth receives more sunlight on one side, it’s summer. And vice versa for winter.
Alpha Centauri (Rigil Kentaurus) is the closest star system away from our sun. It’s about 4.3 light years (or 25 trillion miles) away from Earth.