Earth Tilt: 23.5 Degrees Axis
“If you stick a pencil directly through the Earth at the point of rotation, these two points are the north and south poles. Now if you twist your wrist at 23.5°, this is the Earth tilt.”
Earth tilt is essential in seasonal patterns, climate, and life on the planet.
Today, we’re going to explore our planet’s tilt in more detail.
What causes seasonal patterns?
Because the Earth is tilted on its axis, it’s the main reason why we have seasons.
- SUMMER: As the Earth revolves around the sun, the hemisphere that’s tilted towards the sun receives the most sunlight. When it receives more sunlight, this is summertime.
- WINTER: The hemisphere that’s tilted away from the sun receives less sunlight, and has shorter days. As a result, it becomes colder and this is the winter season.
- 24-HOUR DARKNESS: At the North Pole, it’s possible to have 24-hour days in darkness because of the tilt of the Earth.
At the equator, it’s exposed to sunlight more often. This is why is much hotter at the equator year-round. Because it is hotter for longer periods of time, there is less difference between seasons.
Why is the north and south pole so cold?
At the equator, the sun hits the Earth directly. Whereas at the poles, the sun’s rays can barely touch it.
More specifically, it’s not because the equator is closer to the sun. But it’s because the sun is directly shining on the equator.
This is why Earth has the warmest ecosystems at the equator like tropical rainforests and deserts.
“The north and south pole hardly receive any heat from the sun’s rays. This creates the coldest places on Earth like tundras and polar deserts.”
How did the moon’s impact change Earth’s tilt?
Long ago, the moon collided with Earth. It was a glancing blow impact, and not a head-on collision. The giant impact hypothesis describes the time when Earth first met the moon.
Since then, the moon has been a close companion orbiting the Earth.
This giant impact had profound effects on Earth. For example, it tilted Earth on its axis promptly giving it seasons.
In tandem, they control ocean tides, slow rotational speed, and stabilize Earth from wobbling.
Earth Tilt: 23.5 Degrees Axis
It’s Earth’s stable, consistent, and rhythmic spinning motion that helps us regulate our day-to-day lives. The tilt of the axis remains fixed at 23.5 degrees.
If you would like to learn more about Earth Science concepts and have career opportunities, there are a lot of online courses that can help like the following.
Do you have any questions or comments? Please feel free to use the comment form below and let us know what’s on your mind.
How to Measure the Distance to the Moon
How Gravity Sculpted the Earth
Milky Way Galaxy: 200 Billion Stars and Our Solar System
What is Earth’s Escape Velocity?
Chandler Wobble: Why Earth Wobbles Like a Toy Top
Shape of the Earth: The Oblate Spheroid
100 Earth Facts: The Scientific List of Facts About Earth
5 Facts About the Sun [Infographic]
Earth Rotation: The Day-Night Boundary
What’s the Difference Between Meteors, Meteorites and Meteoroids?
9 Facts About the Moon [Infographic]
Density of Earth: What is the Earth Made Of?
15 Facts About Mars: The Remarkable Red Planet [Infographic]
10 Planet Venus Facts [Infographic]
How fast does the earth tilt back and forth, from season to season?
Does the earth tilt 23.5 happen gradually?
Has the axes changed the way Florida gets hit by hurricane
This was very helpful thank you
Yes, it does hit one pole more than the other. It’s why some places close to the north pole can have 24-hour sunlight as well.
With the tilt should not the sun be hitting more on one pole? And if earth travels around the sun, should not the sun be hitting the same place on full circle?
Earth’s tilt does vary between 22.1° to 24.5° and takes 40,000 years to complete as part of the Milankovitch Cycle.
Here’s more on that phenomenon – https://earthhow.com/milankovitch-cycle/
If the earth for whatever reason(is this possible?)has tilted to 24 degrees would this cause global warming? Could the aadditional tilt of a lesser degree cause G.W.? Just curios!
The visual cue that the earth is rotating towards the east is the sun rising in the east and moving towards the west. But what is the visual cue that the earth is revolving around the sun in a clockwise or counter-clockwise direction?
Is it my imagination, or has the earths tilt changed? The Sun seems to be higher at noon than usual.