Age of Dinosaurs

ERA OF DINOSAURS: When Dinosaurs Dominated

Dinosaurs dominated for 160 million years Think about it. If you rewind the clock 100-200 years back, dinosaurs dominated the land. Not just for a short period of time. But they lived for over 60 […]

Greenhouse Effect

GREENHOUSE EFFECT: The Warming of our Planet

The Greenhouse Effect: The Good and Bad I’ve got good news and bad news. Because greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere, this helps regulate temperature. Without greenhouse gases, we’d live in an icebox. Now, […]


PHOTOSYNTHESIS: Carbon Dioxide to Glucose

Photosynthesis converts carbon dioxide to glucose The main idea of photosynthesis is that it takes in carbon dioxide and uses that carbon with water to convert it into a chemical form like glucose. Without light, […]

Cambrian Explosion

CAMBRIAN EXPLOSION and Life Diversification

Life diversification from the Cambrian explosion The Cambrian explosion was the largest diversification of life in Earth’s history. Ocean life went from sparse and simple. Then, it diversified with a colossal amount of diversity. For […]


ENDOSYMBIOSIS: The Origin of Eukaryotic Cells

Eukaryotic cells from endosymbiosis Endosymbiosis is the origin of eukaryotic cells on Earth. It’s the idea that a prokaryote engulfed a bacteria capable of aerobic respiration. Then, this turned into mitochondria and became part of […]


LUCA: Last Universal Common Ancestor

Getting a feel for last universal common ancestor All living things originated from a common ancestor called the last universal common ancestor (LUCA). Let’s put this in perspective from our human evolution history: Suppose you […]